Setting out a Building - YouTube

How to Plan a Building?

Plans For Building / October 4, 2022

Integrated Design. Landscape and Architectural designs must be integrated with all project design disciplines in order to optimize building performance and aesthetics. Prior to initiating any schematic design, the Architect must perform a series of coordination meetings with all project design disciplines/consultants to explore performance and functional objectives that could impact building orientation, massing, space adjacencies, material selections, and assemblies. A project’s functional and performance needs are integral to achieving the Principles of Federal Architecture, noted in Chapter 1.

Performance Measures and Functional Objectives. The A/E shall ensure the design supports quality based performance measures for customer satisfaction, energy consumption, and reduced operations and maintenance. The A/E shall also identify all functional expectations and establish alternative features that support attainment. To the maximum extent possible, the A/E shall apply those architectural elements that optimize building performance and functional capabilities. Performance and functional issues raised in the project’s design program and/or as addressed in Appendix A.2 shall be specifically addressed in concept presentations.

Environmental Sensitivity. The natural setting of the site, its contours and vegetation shall be viewed as assets to be preserved and woven into the design as much as possible. In settings including historic buildings, adjoining historic properties, or located near historic properties that will be affected by GSA construction, external design review, including public participation, is required under the Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and may also be required under the National Environmental Policy Act. Compliance reviews should be coordinated, through the Regional Historic Preservation Officer, early and as frequently as the project complexity warrants, so that comments can be effectively addressed during the course of design.

Urban Context. Facility design and orientation should be consistent with existing and planned development patterns and nearby uses. The building’s exterior should be consistent with existing local design guidelines. Where appropriate, the project team should help to develop design guidelines for the project and neighboring undeveloped sites.

Basic Configurations and Core Placement. Planning for cores must consider the depth of the occupiable space established by the core and exterior walls. The optimum depth of the occupiable space (the space between core and window wall) in an office building is approximately 12, 000 mm (40 feet) for providing access to daylight.

Placement of Core Elements and Distances. In buildings with large floor plates, not all core elements need to be placed at each core location. How often each element needs to be repeated is governed by occupant needs and the following maximum radii and distances:

  • Passenger Elevators should be grouped in banks of at least two for efficiency. Elevator groups of four or more should be separated into two banks opposite each other for maximum efficiency in passenger loading and minimum hall call notification for accessibility under requirements of UFAS/ADA. Travel distances from a given office or workstation to an elevator should not exceed 61 000 mm (200 feet).
  • See Chapter 7: Fire Protection Engineering for additional egress requirements.

Table 3-1 System Placement in Planning Grid

Relationship to Planning Grid Comments
Planning Grid 600 mm by 600 mm
(2-foot by 2-foot)
Uniform between buildings allows interchange of parts between GSA buildings.
Exterior Window Mullions align on grid Allows interior partitions to terminate on mullions and ceiling grids to align visually with the mullions.
Columns center on grid
Partitions center on grid
can be aligned on face
of columns
Normally split columns between two separate offices.
Trench Ducts offset by up to 50 percent Allow access to trenches without walls being placed along trenches.
Raised Floor Grid offset pedestals by a minimum of 75 mm (3 inches) in both
Facilitate future removal of floor panels and to avoid excessive cutting of panels in instances where partitions must extend to the structural slab.
Cellular Floor Insets Offset from grid in both directions, placed every 1800 mm (6 feet) in both directions Placed between grids so they are never covered by partitions.
Floor Outlets for power, telephone and data Offset from grid in both directions so centerline of the three may fall a minimum of 300 mm
(1 foot) off the planning grid line
Ceiling Systems Align, or offset by 300 mm (1 foot) or 50 percent in both
If aligned with grid, ceiling will visually align with window mullions.
If offset by 50%, tops of walls will never fall on ceiling grids, allowing more choice in placement of ceiling elements such as lights.
Lay-In Lights In ceiling grid For 600 mm by 600 mm (2-foot by 2-foot) or 600 mm by 1200 mm (2-foot by 4-foot) fixtures.
Downlights and
Pendant Mounted Lights
HVAC Diffusers & Return
Air Grilles
Staggered, located within the 600 mm by 600 mm (2-foot by
2-foot) ceiling framing
Experience has shown that a staggered diffuser layout in a uniform pattern adapts most easily to future changes in wall configurations
HVAC Slot Diffusers Placed on grid line
  • The location of stairs within buildings should encourage their use, in lieu of elevators, to the fullest extent feasible. This will reinforce the recognition of sustainable energy conservation.
  • Electrical Closets must be stacked vertically and should be located so that they are no more than 45m (150 feet) from any occupied space. Shallow, secondary closets off permanent corridors may be used for receptacle panelboards where the distance between the riser and the farthest workstation exceeds 45 000 mm (150 feet) and a separate riser is not warranted. See section Space Planning, Building Support Spaces, Mechanical and Electrical Rooms of this chapter for minimum size requirements.
  • Communications Closets shall meet the requirements of EIA/TIA Standard 569: Commercial Building Standard For Telecommunications Pathways And Spaces (and related bulletins). Communications closets must be provided on each floor, with additional closet for each 930 m2 (10, 000 square feet). Closets must be stacked vertically and must be placed so that wiring runs do not exceed 90 m (300 feet). Closets must tie into vertical telecommunications backbones. See section Space Planning, Building Support Spaces, Mechanical and Electrical Rooms of this chapter for minimum size requirements.
1. Office
Total Office
2. Other General Purpose ADP, auditorium, light industrial, structurally changed, lab, conference/training, food service, cafeteria, snack bar, health unit, fitness center, judges chambers, child care
3. General Storage general storage
4. Tenant floor cut TFC
5. Residence & Quarters quarters and residence
6. Outlease Retail
7. Courtroom judicial hearing rooms, courtrooms
8. Non-Building Charges railroad crossing, antennas, boat dock, land
( square footages associated with this category, if they exist, fall outside the ANSI/BOMA total, and the “Assigned” total)

Conveying Systems
All elevators must be designed to comply with ASME A17.1 and with the UFAS/ADA Accessibility Guidelines.

How to take money out of 401k How to watch How to turn off iphone? How to get rid of toothache? How to start an ecommerce business How to make slime at home? what does sba processing mean on womply How many tricks and poisons does it take to kill a hamlet? what does kosher mean what does intervals mean what does present mean Why does linus tech tips have so many channels what are the ten commandments in the bible How to write a formal email what does it mean to be high what does enclosed mean How to fit nail tips What are tricks and traps in writing what are grassroots organizations Where to buy chicken wing tips How to make milk tea? what does tbh mean How to buy gold and silver How to do best tricks tutorial what does entail mean what does subsistence mean How to ripen bananas fast? How to draw a puppy what is undergraduate mean How to convert picture to pdf on iphone? Tricks for learning how to draw alkenes left hand itches what does that mean When and where was cheap tricks first live show in minnesota what does patriotism mean Tips on how to get into stanford what does pre qualified mean credit card what are the 13 colonies and when were they established? How to make chicken stir fry How to get muscles? How to refinance my car what are tocopherols what does clb mean what are values examples How to make blunt dread tips How to do cool baseball tricks How to get ice off windshield what does embalming mean How to get rid of german roaches? Why so many laptop tips How to set up hey siri? How to cure pneumonia what does red snapper taste like How to turn off tips on iphone what temp does water boil at what wtv mean How to make tips appear on twitch stream How to grow your hair faster? How to calculate monthly mortgage payment? Who created magic tricks what does ology mean what does npo mean what does wagmi mean what does the red dot on the forehead mean How to get guitar tricks app on my smart tv Tips how to be that girl How to treat dehydration? what does 234 mean How to get clipboard tricks on menu what does temperance mean what does tetanus do How to make stained glass Tips for how to answer for loop questions How to snag an alpha what does tbt stand for what does neutered mean for dogs How to store cabbage? what are lines of longitude and latitude what does tcs mean Travel tips when going alone How to remove dark spots on face? How to do a screenshot on iphone? How to make money as a 12 year old? How to be hot? what does yellowish urine mean How to clean nespresso machine What do delivery drivers expect from tips what does entice mean How to change lock screen on mac what does wtbi mean in texting Tips on how to take care of your mental health How long to get tips on postmates How to create a cover letter? what are wedding vows what does mental health mean How does the carbonaro effect do his tricks How to say thank you How long does it take for dissolvable stitches to dissolve? How to get smarter for teens everyday tips How to cook tilapia fillets